Martin Luther King, Jr., was one of the main leaders of the American civil rights movement. He was a political activist and Baptist minister and is regarded as one of America’s greatest orators. In 1964, King became the youngest man to be awarded the Nobel Peace Prize, in recognition of his work promoting non-violence and fighting racial discrimination.
The son of a Baptist minister, King himself became a minister and in 1954 took charge of a congregation in Montgomery, Alabama. Soon after arriving he organized and led a massive boycott, lasting over one year, against segregation on municipal buses. The protest lasted for 381 days, during which King was arrested and put in prison. The boycott ended in 1956 when the United States Supreme Court declared the Alabama laws requiring segregated buses unconstitutional.