By Luis Ammann
(Buenos Aires, 13.08.08) Georgia, an independent state since the disintegration of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) and current ally of the United States of America launched its military forces against the Autonomous Republic of South Ossetia. It did so on the 8th of August, the opening day of the Olympic Games, when most of the world’s population had its attention on this sporting festival. Many people still do not know what to think about these events. It was a clear and unexpected bellicose aggression that caused countless civilian deaths.
South Ossetia is an autonomous republic. It declared independence, which was voted for in a plebiscite (in November 2006, in a referendum with 91 per cent of the votes) and which it struggled for since 1991. It is a territory with a majority Russian population whose capital is Tskhinvali. Eduard Kokoity is the President, re-elected in 2006.
To find a reason for this attack, as in any other military aggression or threat, is impossible for those who love peace and who see it as condition for people’s development. Even more so for those of us who consider that the human being is the central value of every government policy and action. To analyse this attack and the reaction of the Russian Federation’s government it must be considered – not accepted – that war continues to be a form of relation that serves destruction between countries, and to analyse and to argue from this logic.
The logic of war always asks about the benefits. What benefits does Georgia obtain with this attack? Who else benefits?
The invasion, that sounds unreasonable for almost all the world, is not so for international analysts; in particular, for those who know the imperial strategy of the United States after the self-destruction of the USSR. Those who look carefully are in agreement that the Georgian government would not have taken this disproportionate step without the prior agreement of Washington. The relationship of President Saakashvili, an accidental Georgian, with the USA is one of total dependence. Georgia’s entry into the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) has a condition; that it maintains control over Ossetia. This is the direct motivation of the attack and would be a provocation also aimed at evaluating Russian behaviour in front of such an aggression.
The definitive inclusion of South Ossetia as Georgian territory and the installation of military bases would end up creating an eastern fence around Russia, tighter and more predictable than the one that Turkey provides. Because of this, they believe that it is “necessary” for the reduction – extermination – of the resident Russian population that make up the majority in this zone. This is the same as saying “genocide”, an attack directed towards the destruction of a human group.
The theory that the Russian Federation wouldn’t react to this attack on their co-nationals that live in an Autonomous Republic on its border is a premature evaluation and underestimates this nation. It is certain that Russia is very far from being the power that it was as the USSR, but it’s not unarmed.
The US plan to install missiles known as the “nuclear shield” gives this military power a significant power of nuclear attack in a battlefield far from its own territory, and with many possibilities to stop, from European space, any reaction that could come from the East.
As we said, we are reasoning from the logic of war that is equivalent to saying the logic of death. In this scheme, the theory of the Pentagon military is gaining strength; they could win a nuclear war with an acceptable cost – for them – and impose themselves militarily as the only global empire.
In synthesis, the nuclear confrontation that was improbable during the “Cold War” due to the balance between the USA and the USSR, now seems viable with “benefits” for one of the parts and ruinous for humanity.
What is happening in these days is going to be key to measure if this frightening arm-wrestling remains only an evaluation of forces or if it is the first step of a sinister plan. Military bases in Europe – that humanists are resisting – are one of the fundamental pieces in US military strategy that European governments have underestimated.
We the people are the last resort and this urges us to act for peace in the world.